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David Guzik :: Study Guide for Hosea 1
New Testament -. Return to Plough. Only the territories of Ephraim and western Manasseh were left to the king of Israel. The first part of the book chs. God ordered Hosea to marry an adulterous wife, Gomer, and their three children were each given a symbolic name representing part of the ominous message.
Study Guide for Hosea 1 by David Guzik
The children are told to drive the unfaithful mother out of the house; but it was her reform, not her riddance, that was sought. The prophet was ordered to continue loving her, and he took her back and kept her in isolation for a while ch. Israel was to go through a period of exile cf. But the Lord still loved his covenant people and longed to take them back, just as Hosea took back Gomer.
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This return is described with imagery recalling the exodus from Egypt and settlement in Canaan cf. The second part of the book chs. Like other prophetic books, Hosea issued a call to repentance.
- Book of Hosea.
- God will make Israel a better place again!
- Who wrote the book?.
Information gleaned from materials discovered at Ugarit dating from the 15th century b. The intimacy of the covenant relationship between God and Israel, illustrated in the first part of the book by the husband-wife relationship, is later amplified by the father-child relationship —4. In other words, the Northern Kingdom had been rejected by God. In Hosea 2, the woman in the marriage metaphor could be Hosea's wife Gomer, or could be referring to the nation of Israel, invoking the metaphor of Israel as God's bride.
The woman is not portrayed in a positive light. This is reflected throughout the beginning of Hosea 2. Biblical scholar Ehud Ben Zvi reminds readers of the socio-historical context in which Hosea was composed. In his article Observations on the marital metaphor of YHWH and Israel in its ancient Israelite context: general considerations and particular images in Hosea 1.
Connolly makes a similar observation, stating that the husband-wife motif reflects marriage as it was understood at the time. Coogan describes the importance of understanding the covenant in relation to interpreting Hosea.
God's disappointment towards Israel is therefore expressed through the broken marriage covenant made between husband and wife. Brad E. Kelle has referred to 'many scholars' finding references to cultic sexual practices in the worship of Baal, in Hosea 2, to be evidence of an historical situation in which Israelites were either giving up Yahweh worship for Baal, or blending the two.
Hosea's references to sexual acts being metaphors for Israelite 'apostasy'.
Hosea —3 describes how the Israelites are abandoning Yahweh for the worship of Baal, and accuses them of making or using molten images for 'idol' worship. Chief among these was the image of the bull at the northern shrine of Bethel, which by the time of Hosea was being worshipped as an image of Baal. Hosea is a prophet whom God uses to portray a message of repentance to God's people. Through Hosea's marriage to Gomer, God, also known as Yahweh, shows his great love for his people, comparing himself to a husband whose wife has committed adultery.
It a metaphor of the covenant between God and Israel, and he influenced latter prophets such as Jeremiah. He is among the first writing prophets, and the last chapter of Hosea has a format similar to wisdom literature. Like Amos , Hosea elevated the religion of Israel to the altitude of ethical monotheism, being the first to emphasize the moral side of God's nature. Israel's faithlessness, which resisted all warnings, compelled Him to punish the people because of His own holiness.
Hosea considers infidelity as the chief sin, of which Israel, the adulterous wife, has been guilty against her loving husband, God.
Against this he sets the unquenchable love of God, who, in spite of this infidelity, does not cast Israel away forever, but will take His people unto Himself again after the judgment. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy.
Andrew August 3, Eerdmans Publishing — via Google Books. A Brief Introduction to the Old Testament. Oxford University Press. Kelle Hosea 2: Metaphor and Rhetoric in Historical Perspective. Society of Biblical Lit. Cook
Related The Companion Bible - The Book of Hosea
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